Becoming a lawyer: legal education in Canada


-Riya Dixit

The country famous for its education system ‘Canada’ offers a wide range of courses to its learners as it becomes easy for them to choose according to their interests. Talking about the legal education in Canada, the responsibilities are taken by the nation’s law school and law societies of various provinces. It generally requires three years of full-time study to get a Juris Doctor (JD) degree or LLB degree.On an average, a lawyer in Canada earns $115,148 per year or $59 per hour.

Unlike other countries, students do not directly get admission from high school to a law school. They ought to have at least 2 years of university-level education experience. For providing the law education private and public law schools charge a different amount. Private schools cost $34,300 per year whereas public schools cost around $16,800 per year. In the first year, all the basic knowledge regarding the law is given. Slowly and steadily, the course moves forward and knowledge upon various subjects are given to the students which include constitutional law, contracts, criminal law and criminal procedures, the foundations of Canadian law, legal writing, property law and Torts. Other than the theoretical knowledge the students are asked to participate in moot court exercises and arguing in hypothetical court cases.

After the completion of the first year, students take additional compulsory courses to brush up their knowledge in the particular field. Practicing usually occurs after the completion of the course i.e. after getting the undergraduate degree. For this, they must pass the bar examination. It is easier for Canadian students to enter the lawyer licensing process in contract to the foreign students. Foreign students need to get a ‘’certificate of qualification” from NCA (National Committee on Accreditation). The students also have the option of getting a master degree in law i.e. LLM.


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